Timeline of Recorded History

  • Big Bang

    13.82 Billion years ago

    Approx 14 Billion years ago. Our Universe began with a bang!

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  • First Star formed

    13.72 Billion years ago

    Approx 13-14 Billion years ago. The First star in our Universe was formed.

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  • Oldest Galaxy

    Approx 13 and a half Billion years ago.

    Using several different telescopes, astronomers have discovered a distant galaxy whose stars appear to have formed 200 million years after the Big Bang, the explosive event that brought the universe into being.

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  • Planet Earth Formed

    4.54 Billion years ago

    Approx 4.54 Billion years ago. The planet we live on was formed.

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  • Our Moon Formed

    4.54 Billion years ago

    The moon was formed at nearly the same time as the Earth. The prevailing theory suggests it was caused by a violent impact.

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  • First Life on Earth

    3.5 Billion years ago

    Approx 3.5 Billion years ago. The first cellular plant and animal life appeared.

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  • Great Oxidation Event

    2.4 Billion Years ago

    experienced a rise in oxygen, approximately 2.4 billion years ago (2.4 Ga) to 2.1–2.0 Ga during the Paleoproterozoic era.

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  • Mesozoic Era

    252 Million years ago

    The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about 252 to 66 million years ago. It is also called the Age of Reptiles and the Age of Conifers. The Mesozoic era is one of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon, preceded by the Paleozoic and succeeded by the Cenozoic. The era is subdivided into three major periods: the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous, which are further subdivided into a number of epochs and stages.

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  • Early Triassic Period

    251 Million years ago

    Two hundred and fifty one million years ago marks the start of the Early traissic Period. The Earth had only one massive continent and two oceans. Small dinosaurs begin to evolve.

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  • First Dinosaurs on Earth

    230 Million years ago

    Approx 230 Million years ago. The earliest Dinosaurs began their life on Earth.

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  • Late Triassic Period

    225 Million years ago

    Two hundred and twenty five million years ago is when the earliest dinosaur fossils are found from species such as the Herrerasaurus

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  • Jurassic Period

    200 Million years ago

    Two hundred million years ago begins the well-known Jurrasic period. By this time the one massive super continent has now divided into two continents, Laurasia and Gondwanaland. The first birds appear having evolved from dinosaurs.

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  • First Mammals on Earth

    160 Million years ago

    Approx 160 Million years ago. The first mammals appeared on earth at the same time as dinosaurs.

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  • Stegosaurus Lived

    150 Million years ago

    Approx 150 Million years ago. The vegetarian dinoasaur Stegasaurus lived on the Earth.

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  • late Jurassic Period

    150 Million years ago

    One hundred fifty million years marks the late Jurrasic period. Mammals have begun to evolve and live alongside massive dinosaurs like the Apatosaurus (Brontosaurus)

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  • Cretaceous Period

    145 Million years ago

    One hundred forty five million years ago the third and final period of the Mesozoic era begins, South America, Antarctica and Australia all detach from Africa to become seperate land masses.

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  • Late Cretaceous Period

    125 Million years ago

    One hundred twenty five million years ago the third and final period of the Mesozoic era begins, South America, Antarctica and Australia all detach from Africa to become seperate land masses. The late cretaceous period is home to massive dinosaurs like the Tyrannosaurus rex, and the formidable Triceratops.

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  • T-Rex lived

    68 Million years ago

    Approx 68 Million years ago. The carnivorous dinosaur Tyrannasaurus Rex lived on the Earth.

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  • Mass Extinction

    66 Million years ago

    Approx Sixty six million years ago the mesozoic era ended. The Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event was a sudden mass extinction of three-quarters of the plant and animal species on Earth. The originally proposed theory by a team of scientists led by Luis Alvarez and his son Walter, posit that the K–Pg extinction was caused by the impact of a massive comet or asteroid 10 to 15 km ,6 to 9 mi, wide. The Impact Hypothesis is still confirmed today

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  • Earliest Homo Sapiens

    200 Thousand years ago

    Approx 200,000 years ago. The earliest Homo Sapiens extinct forerunners of modern man lived.

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  • Early French Cave Paintings

    35 Thousand years ago

    Approx 35,000 years ago. Beautiful human cave paintings were made in France.

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  • Ishango Bone

    18,000 BC

    '18,800 BCE' It is a dark brown length of bone, the fibula of a baboon, with a sharp piece of quartz affixed to one end, perhaps for engraving.

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  • First Paleo Americans

    16,500 BCE

    Paleoindians or Paleo-Americans, '16,500 BCE' were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas. Traditional theories suggest that big-animal hunters crossed the Bering Strait from North Asia into the Americas over a land bridge (Beringia). This bridge existed from 45,000 to 12,000 BCE (47,000–14,000 BCE). Small isolated groups of hunter-gatherers migrated alongside herds of large herbivores far into Alaska. From 16,500 – 13,500 BCE (18,500 – 15,500 BCE), ice-free corridors developed along the Pacific coast and valleys of North America.

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  • Clovis Culture

    11,500 BCE

    The Clovis culture '11,500 BCE' is a prehistoric Paleoamerican culture, named for distinct stone tools found in close association with Pleistocene fauna at Blackwater Locality No. 1 near Clovis, New Mexico, in the 1920s and 1930s. It appears around 11,500–11,000 uncalibrated RCYBP at the end of the last glacial period, and is characterized by the manufacture of 'Clovis points' and distinctive bone and ivory tools. Archaeologists' most precise determinations at present suggest this radiocarbon age is equal to roughly 13,200 to 12,900 calendar years ago. Clovis people are considered to be the ancestors of most of the indigenous cultures of the Americas

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  • Leanderthal Lady

    10,000 BCE

    Leanderthal Lady '10,000 BCE', discovered in January 1983, is the skeletal remains of a prehistoric woman found at the Wilson-Leonard Brushy Creek Site (an ancient Native American campsite) in the city of Cedar Park, Texas, by the Texas Department of Transportation. The remains were also alternatively labeled 'Leanne'. Both names were inspired by the proximity of the site to the town of Leander, to the north. Carbon dating and stratigraphic analysis showed the remains to be 10,000 to 13,000 years old. The skeleton is of a 5 feet 3 inches (1.60 m) tall female who was approximately eighteen to thirty years old at the time of death. The find was significant as one of the oldest and most complete human skeleton finds in North America.

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  • Ancient Jericho Founded

    9,600 BC

    9600 BC Jericho, founded in ancient Israel, is one of the first human settlements.

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  • Oldest cultures in the Americas

    8000 BC

    Las Vegas cultures are one of the oldest farming cultures in the Americas mostly situated in modern day Ecuador

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  • Çatalhöyük settlement

    7500 BC

    Çatalhöyük urban settlement founded in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey).

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  • First Wine produced

    4000 BC

    4100 BC The earliest known winery is located in Armenia.

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  • Stone Wheel Invented

    3600 BC

    3600 BC The stone wheel was invented in Mesopotamia to make pottery and later for chariots.

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  • Red Zone Site - Peru

    3,500 BCE

    '3,500 BCE', Exploration of the site's vicinity, the area near the mouth of the Chillon River and the desert around Ancon, revealed a large settlement complex of ancient hunter-gatherers near the quarries and quarry workshop. Among them are Cerro Chivateros, Cerro Oquendo and La Pampilla. The Norte Chico civilization (also Caral or Caral-Supe civilization) was a complex pre-Columbian-era society that included as many as thirty major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru. The civilization flourished between the fourth and second millennia BC, with the formation of the first city generally dated to around 3500 BC, at Huaricanga, in the Fortaleza area.

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  • The Farm Plough

    3500 BC

    The plough revolutionalized farming allowing for an efficient and more rapid means of turning the soil

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  • Ancient Cuneiform Text

    3200 BC

    3200 BC Ancient Cuneiform text was used in early Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq).

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  • Norte Chico Civilization

    3200 BC

    The Norte Chico civilization or Caral-Supe civilization was a complex pre-Columbian-era society that included as many as thirty major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru.

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  • Newgrange

    3100 BC

    Constructed in Ireland before the Egyptian Pyramids and Stonehenge

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  • Stonehenge begun

    3100 BC

    3100 Stonehenge an outdoor structure built with huge stones was begun in England.

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  • Ancient Egyptian Empire

    3100 BC

    unification of the upper and lower Egypt

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  • Oldest Civilization in Iran


    Known as Susa III located in the area of Elam

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  • Early Greek Culture

    3000 BC

    Early Greek Cultures in the Bronze age sprang up on many Greek Islands including the Cycladic and Minoan

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  • Indus Valley Civilization

    2600 BC

    Indus Valley Civilization

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  • Great Pyramids of Giza

    2580 BC

    2580 BC The Great Pyramids of Giza were built in Egypt.

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  • Mayans - Pre Classic Period

    2,500 BCE

    The Maya developed their first civilization in the Preclassic period. Scholars continue to discuss when this era of Maya civilization began. Maya occupation at Cuello (modern-day Belize) has been carbon dated to around 2600 BC. Settlements were established around 1800 BC in the Soconusco region of the Pacific coast, and the Maya were already cultivating the staple crops of maize, beans, squash, and chili pepper

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  • Mohenjo Daro

    2500 BC

    Mohenjo-daro is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2500 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation

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  • Epic of Gilgamesh

    2100 BC

    2200 BC The Epic of Gilgamesh was written in Mesopotamia(Ancient Iraq).

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  • Karnak Temple

    2050 BC

    In 2050 BC, A cult temple dedicated to Amun, Mut and Khonsu. The largest religious building ever constructed at the time.

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  • Earliest Wrestling Depicted

    2000 BC

    Murals in tomb 15 at Beni Hasan, hold the first depictions of wrestling techniques. Beni Hasan is an Ancient Egyptian cemetery site, located to the south of modern-day Minya in the region known as Middle Egypt.

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  • Ancient Babylonia

    1894 BC

    Ancient Babylonia was founded in 1894 BC,

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  • Hammurabi's Code

    1760 BC

    King Hammurabi of Babylonia inscribed his code of laws in Stone

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  • Phaistos Disc

    1700 BC

    Is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age

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  • First Hindu Texts

    1500 BC

    1500 BC The first books of the Hindu religion were written in India.

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  • Death of King Tut

    1323 BC

    1332 BC King Tut was Pharoah of Egypt.

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  • Phoenician Civilization

    1100 BC

    At its height between 1100 and 200 BC, Phoenician civilization spread across the Mediterranean, from the Levant to the Iberian Peninsula.

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  • Olmec Pyramid

    1000 BC

    The Olmec were one of the first civilizations to develop in the Americas. Chronologically, the history of the Olmecs can be divided into the Early Formative (1800-900 BCE), Middle Formative (900-400 BCE) and Late Formative (400 BCE-200AD). The Olmecs are known as the 'mother culture' of Mesoamerica, meaning that the Olmec civilization was the first culture that spread and influenced Mesoamerica. The spread of Olmec culture eventually led to cultural features found throughout all Mesoamerican societies.

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  • Olmec Pyramids

    1000 bc

    The Olmec were one of the first civilizations to develop in the Americas. Chronologically, the history of the Olmecs can be divided into the Early Formative (1800-900 BCE), Middle Formative (900-400 BCE) and Late Formative (400 BCE-200AD). The Olmecs are known as the 'mother culture' of Mesoamerica, meaning that the Olmec civilization was the first culture that spread and influenced Mesoamerica. The spread of Olmec culture eventually led to cultural features found throughout all Mesoamerican societies.

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  • Carthage Founded

    849 BC

    The city of Carthage is thought to be founded in the 9th century BC on the coast of Northwest Africa, in what is now Tunisia, as one of a number of Phoenician settlements in the western Mediterranean created to facilitate trade from the city of Tyre on the coast of what is now Lebanon. The name of both the city and the wider republic that grew out of it, Carthage developed into a significant trading empire throughout the Mediterranean.

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  • Ancient Greek Civilization


    Ancient Greece is said to have begun in 8th century BC, around the sane time as the earliest recorded Greek poet, Homer.

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  • Ancient Rome Founded

    753 BC

    the day Rome was founded: April 21, the day of the festival sacred to Pales, goddess of shepherds, on which date they celebrated the Par ilia (or Palilia)

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  • The Odyssey Written

    725 BC

    725 BC The Iliad and the Odyssey is an early Greek epic about the Trojan Wars between Greece and Troy written by Homer in 800 BC or earlier.

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  • Ancient Greek Poet Homer

    700 BC

    700 BC Legendary Greek poet Homer the author of the Iliad & Odyssey is thought to have lived .

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  • Library of Ashurbanipal

    600 BC

    tablets and fragments containing texts of all kinds from the 7th century BC. Among its holdings was the famous Epic of Gilgamesh.

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  • First Persian Empire

    550 BC

    Persian Empire founded in 550 BC by Cyrus the Great stretched from balkans to indus valley

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  • Cyrus Charter

    539 BC

    The Cyrus Charter, or Cyrus Cylinder, holds a written declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of Persia's Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great. It was created following the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 BC, when the Neo-Babylonian Empire was invaded by Cyrus and incorporated into his Persian Empire.

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  • Cleisthenes leads Athens

    507 BC

    Cleisthenes takes power in the city-state of Athens and institutes reforms that lead historians to consider him the father of democracy.

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  • Greco-Persian Wars begin

    499 BC

    492 BC The Greco Persian Wars began when Persia (Ancient Iran) invaded Greece.

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  • Carthaginian Empire

    480 BC

    the Carthaginian Empire is said to have began in 480 BC when Carthage became a republic

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  • Law of the Twelve Tables

    449 BC

    In 449 BC, The Twelve Tables, which stated the rights and duties of the Roman citizen was completed.

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  • Parthenon Completed

    432 BC

    432 BC The Parthenon is a Greek Temple to the goddess Athena, which rests on a mountain top known as the Acropolis.

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  • Trial of Socrates

    399 BC

    399 BC Socrates, a Greek Philosopher and Teacher, was sentenced to death for teaching against the accepted gods of the state.

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  • Platos Republic

    375 BC

    philosophy and political theory, both intellectually and historically. Taken from Wikipedia

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  • Death of Plato

    347 BC

    348 BC Plato was a Greek Philosopher reknown for his work on logic, reasoning and metaphysics.

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  • Alexander the Great becomes King

    336 BC

    336 BC Alexander the Great became the King of Macedon Greece and began his conquest of the Western world all the way to India.

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  • Death of Aristotle

    322 BC

    322 BC Aristotle was a great Greek educator and philosopher, the teacher of Alexander the Great, known as the Father of Western Philosophy.

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  • Library of Alexandria

    285 BC

    unknown precisely how many such scrolls were housed at any given time, but estimates range from 40,000 to 400,000 at its height.

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  • First Gladiator Games

    264 BC

    The First recorded gladiatorial combat was said to be held in Rome when, Decimus Junius Brutus Scaeva had three gladiator pairs fight to the death to honor his dead father, Brutus Pera

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  • Edicts of Ashoka

    250 BC

    The Emperor, Ashoka the Great, of the Mauryan Empire reigned from 268 BC to 232 BC. He created inscriptions throughout the empire which show his efforts to develop Buddhism with a focus on social and moral precepts rather than specific religious practices. Inscriptions on the Major Rock Pillar are considered by experts to be created in the year 250 BC

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  • First Chinese Empire

    221 BC

    The first Chinese empire Qin

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  • Great Wall of China Started

    220 BC

    220 BC Building of the he Great Wall of China began to protect China from invading peoples .

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  • Cleopatra takes the throne

    51 BC

    Cleopatra VII Philopator, was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, she was a descendant of its founder Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general and companion of Alexander the Great.

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  • Julius Caesar Assassinated

    44 BC

    44 BC Julius Caeser the Emperor of the Republic of Rome and a military general , was assassinated by members of his own Senate.

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  • Writing Invented

    4000 BC

    Sumerian cunieform writing system and Egyptian hieroglyphs played a major role in recorded history.

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  • New Test Event



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  • Maple Leaf Rag published


    This musical composition by Scott Joplin was a major influence on the developing ragtime genre.

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  • bitcoin


    creation of bitcoin and a cryptocurrency puzzle

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  • Mayan

    3000 BC

    Mayan pyramids

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  • First Dynasty of Egypt

    3150 BC

    The First Dynasty of ancient Egypt covers the first series of Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt. It immediately follows the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt.

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    blue event description

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  • US Constitution


    The Supreme Law of the USA establishing Congress, the Presidency, the Supreme Court and individual rights .

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  • Skara Brae in Scotland

    3180 BC

    Skara Brae is a stone-built Neolithic settlement, located on the Bay of Skaill on the west coast of Scotland. Consisting of eight clustered houses, it was occupied from roughly 3180 BC to about 2500 BC and is Europe's most complete Neolithic village.

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  • Caligula's Assassination

    January 22, 41

    Caligula was the third Roman emperor, ruling from 37 to 41. In early 41, Caligula was assassinated as a result of a conspiracy by officers of the Praetorian Guard, senators, and courtiers. The conspirators' attempt to use the opportunity to restore the Roman Republic was thwarted, however. On the day of the assassination of Caligula, the Praetorians declared Caligula's uncle, Claudius, the next Roman emperor.

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  • Roman Colosseum built

    79 AD

    79 AD The Roman Coliseum , the largest open air oval amphitheater ever built , opened in Rome.

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  • Mount Vesuvius erupts


    Mount Vesuvius, a stratovolcano in Italy, erupted in 79 AD in one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions in European history, which was witnessed and documented by Roman administrator and poet Pliny the Younger. Mount Vesuvius violently spewed forth a deadly cloud of super-heated tephra and gases to a height of 33 km (21 mi), ejecting molten rock, pulverized pumice and hot ash at 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing 100,000 times the thermal energy of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki bombings.

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  • Emperor Marcus Aurelius


    was a Roman emperor from 161 to 180 and a Stoic philosopher. He was the last of the rulers known as the Five Good Emperors (a term coined some 13 centuries later by Niccolò Machiavelli), and the last emperor of the Pax Romana, an age of relative peace and stability for the Roman Empire.

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  • First Wrestling Instructions


    A greek manuscript dated to roughly 200 AD called the Papyrus Oxyrhynchus III contains the first discovered instructions for wrestling, including the description of various grips and holds, constituting the earliest historical European martial arts manual

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  • Three Kingdoms period begins


    The Three Kingdoms period started in 220 AD with the end of the Han dynasty and was followed by the Jin dynasty. Wei, Shu, and Wu.

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  • Mayans - Classic Period

    250 AD

    The Classic period is largely defined as the period during which the lowland Maya raised dated monuments using the Long Count calendar. This period marked the peak of large-scale construction and urbanism, the recording of monumental inscriptions, and demonstrated significant intellectual and artistic development, particularly in the southern lowland regions. The Classic period Maya political landscape has been likened to that of Renaissance Italy or Classical Greece, with multiple city-states engaged in a complex network of alliances and enmities. The largest cities had populations numbering 50,000 to 120,000 and were linked to networks of subsidiary sites.

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  • The Fall of the Roman Empire

    395 AD

    The Roman Empire ruled the Mediteranean World for 500 years and in 395 AD when the European portion of the Empire began to fall to invading armies, Europe moved into a new period of repressed culture and enlightenment sometimes known as the Dark or Middle Ages

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  • Death of Attila the Hun

    453 AD

    453 AD Attila the Hun, the leader of a nomadic people who established a central European tribal empire which invaded most of Europe.

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  • Dark Ages begin

    476 AD

    476 AD The Dark Ages , also known as the Early Middle Age, is an historical era of time in Europe that began with the fall of Rome.

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  • Code of Justinian

    530 AD

    in the year 530 AD, The Roman Emporer Justinian codified more than 500 years of past Greco Roman law.

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  • Constitution of Medina

    622 AD

    The constitution, or charter of Medina was drawn up on behalf of the Islamic prophet Muhammad shortly after his arrival at Medina (then known as Yathrib) in 622. The constitution formed the basis of a multi-religious Islamic state in Medina.

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  • Moors invade Europe

    711 AD

    The Moors occupied modern day Spain and Portugal from 711 AD to 1492 AD leaving a lasting influence in language customs and culture.

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  • Charlemagne

    748 AD

    He was the first emperor to rule western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. His rule spurred a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church.

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  • Dark Ages end

    800 AD

    800 AD The end of The Dark Ages, also known as the Early Middle Age, was an historical era in Europe.

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  • Gunpowder

    904 AD

    Gunpowder was invented in 9th-century China as one of the Four Great Inventions, and spread throughout most parts of Eurasia by the end of the 13th century. Originally developed by the Taoists for medicinal purposes, gunpowder was first used for warfare around 904 AD

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  • Mayans - Post Classic Period

    950 AD

    Although much reduced, a significant Maya presence remained into the Postclassic period after the abandonment of the major Classic period cities; the population was particularly concentrated near permanent water sources. Unlike during previous cycles of contraction in the Maya region, abandoned lands were not quickly resettled in the Postclassic. Activity shifted to the northern lowlands and the Maya Highlands; this may have involved migration from the southern lowlands, because many Postclassic Maya groups had migration myths. Chichen Itza and its Puuc neighbours declined dramatically in the 11th century, and this may represent the final episode of Classic Period collaps.

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  • Vikings & Lief Erickson

    970 AD

    970 AD Leif Erikson was born and became the leader of Viking explorers who were the first Europeans to create a settlement in North America.

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  • Norsemen settle Canada

    986 AD

    In 986 AD, Norsemen settle in what is now New Foundland, Canada. The site is known today as L'Anse aux Meadows

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  • Death of Lief Erickson

    1020 AD

    1020 AD Leif Erikson, the leader of a group of Viking explorers who founded the first Europeon settlement in North America.

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  • Beowolf


    he Nowell Codex is the second of two manuscripts comprising the bound volume Cotton MS Vitellius A XV, one of the four major Anglo-Saxon poetic manuscripts. It is most famous as the manuscript containing the unique copy of the epic poem Beowulf.

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  • The Battle of Hasting

    1066 AD

    William the Conqueror from Normandy (Atlantic seaboard of modern day France) invades England and unites the countries under one Monarch and fosters the beginnings of a feudal system.

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  • Crusades Begin

    1095 AD

    1095 AD The Crusades, a series of religious wars between European and Middle Eastern powers begin.

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  • Magna Carta signed

    1215 AD

    1215 AD Magna Carta was a legal charter of rights signed by King John of England limiting the Kings power and giving rights to property and due process to the English Barons and their citizens..

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  • Death of Genghis Khan

    1227 AD

    1227 AD Genghis Khan was the founder and first great Khan (King ) of the Mongol Empire. first conquering all of China and then most of Eurasia , India and Korea.

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  • Birth of Marco Polo

    1254 AD

    1254 AD Marco Polo was an Italian adventurer and trader who travelled to China and the Mongol Empire during the late 13th century writing of his tales and adventure returning to his Venetian homeland where he died in 1324 AD

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  • Siege of Baghdad

    1258 AD

    1258 AD The Siege of Bagdhad occurred when Mongol Invaders led by the Grandson of Genghis Khan destroyed the Mesopotamian educational and cultural base of Baghdad.

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  • Crusades End

    1291 AD

    1291 AD The Crusades are a series of religious wars between European and Middle Eastern powers seeking to rule the Holy Land of Israel, began around 1095 AD and ended in 1291 AD.

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  • The Renaissance begins

    1300 AD

    1300 AD The Renaissance is a rebirth of Man's interests in art and music and the humanities

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  • The Aztecs

    1300 AD

    The Aztecs, were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521. The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries.

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  • Travels of Marco Polo


    and his experiences at the court of Kublai Khan. Taken from Wikipedia

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  • Death of Marco Polo

    1324 AD

    1324 AD Marco Polo was an Italian adventurer and trader who travelled to China and the Mongol Empire during the late 13th century writing of his tales and adventure, in the end returning to his Venetian homeland.

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  • The Plague hits Europe

    1346 AD

    1346 AD A pandemic known as the Plague or Black death killed over 450 million people worldwide.

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  • Battle of Agincourt


    A battle between England and France in the Hundred Years War

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  • Death of Joan of Arc

    1431 AD

    1431 AD Joan of Arc a French hero of the 100 yeas War between France and En,gland Joan was burned at the stake and made a martyr and later a saint.

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  • Gutenberg Printing Press

    1439 AD

    1439 AD Johannes Gutenberg invented the first movable type printing press allowing for the mass producing of printed matter including the Bible, newspapers, and books.

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  • The Iroquois League

    1450 AD

    The Iroquois League was established prior to European contact, with the banding together of five of the many Iroquoian peoples who had emerged south of the Great Lakes. Many archaeologists and anthropologists believe that the League was formed about 1450, though arguments have been made for an earlier date.

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  • John Cabot

    1450 AD

    In 1450 AD, John Cabot, an Italian explorer and navigator was born

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  • Christopher Columbus Voyage

    1492 AD

    1492 AD Christopher Columbus led three Spanish ships on a sailing expedition to the Americas exploring the coast of North America and landing on the Island of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

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  • Columbus reaches Bahamas

    1492 AD

    In 1492 AD, Christopher columbus reaches Bahamas, Cuba, and what is known today as the Greater Antilles (Hispaniola)

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  • John Cabot explores Canada

    1497 AD

    In 1497 AD, John Cabot an Italian explorer and navigator voyaged to the coast of North America (New Foundland, Canada) under the commission of Henry VII of England. It is the earliest known European exploration of coastal North America since the Norsemen visited Canada in 986

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  • Christopher Columbus Imprisoned

    August, 1500

    In August, 1500, Columbus and his brothers were arrested and imprisoned, because of their gross misgovernance, upon their return to Spain from the third voyage. They lingered in jail for six weeks before King Ferdinand ordered their release.

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  • The Reformation begins

    1517 AD

    1517 AD The Reformation movement began with Protestants breaking away from the Catholic Church and establishing new protestant religions throughout the World.

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  • Death of Montezuma

    1520 AD

    1520 AD Montezuma, the Emporer of the Aztec nation in Mexico, was killed by the invading Spanish explorers led by Hernan Cortes

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  • Death of Henry the VIII

    1547 AD

    1547 AD Henry the VIII King of England known for developing a strong Navy and breaking away from the Catholic Church in Rome and establishing the Church of England.

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  • William Shakespeare born

    1564 AD

    1564 AD William Shakespeare was a playwright and poet famed for his works including Romeo and Juliet as well as Julius Caeser, Hamlet, and Macbeth.

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  • Shakespeare's Richard III

    1593 AD

    Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare .. It depicts the Machiavellian rise to power and subsequent short reign of King Richard III of England.. It is often criticized for historical inaccuracies.

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  • Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet

    1595 AD

    Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity.

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  • Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice

    1596 AD

    A play in which a merchant in Venice named Antonio defaults on a large loan provided by a provided by a Jewish moneylender, Shylock, and his famous 'Hath not a Jew eyes?' speech on humanity. Also notable is Portia's speech about 'the quality of mercy'.

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  • Shakespeare's Julius Caesar

    1599 AD

    The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a history play and tragedy based on true events from Roman history. Set in Rome in 44 BC, the play depicts the moral dilemma of Brutus as he joins a conspiracy led by Cassius to murder Julius Caesar to prevent him from becoming dictator of Rome. Following Caesar's death, Rome is thrust into a period of civil war, and the republic the conspirators sought to preserve is lost forever.

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  • Shakespeare's Hamlet

    1600 AD

    The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, The play depicts Prince Hamlet and his revenge against his uncle, Claudius, who has murdered Hamlet's father in order to seize his throne and marry Hamlet's mother. Described as a dramatisation of complex philosophical and ethical and historical issues dating back to before Aristotle

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  • Death of Elizabeth the I

    1603 AD

    1603 AD Elizabeth1 was Queen of England and durning her reign secured the Church of England and continued the development of the English Navy and she feared defeated the Spanish Armada.

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  • Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra

    1607 AD

    The Tragedy of Anthonie, and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare follows the relationship between Cleopatra and Mark Antony from the time of the Sicilian revolt to Cleopatra's suicide during the Final War of the Roman Republic.

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  • Telescope


    The first patent for a refracting lens telescope was submitted by Hans Lippershey, an eyeglass maker from the Netherlands. The telescope opened the Universe of celestial bodies to humanity.

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  • Shakespeare's Henry VIII

    1613 AD

    Henry VIII is a collaborative history play, written by William Shakespeare and John Fletcher, based on the life of Henry VIII.As usual in his history plays, Shakespeare relied primarily on Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles to achieve his dramatic ends and to accommodate official sensitivities over the materials involved

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  • Don Quixote


    Don Quixote is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615.Don Quixote holds the distinction of being the second-most-translated book in the world after the Bible. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • First slaves in the U.S.


    In 1619, the 'White Lion' an English ship, brought The first African people to arrive in the American colonies to be sold as slaves. They arrived in Point Comfort, a settlement that would later become Virginia.

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  • Mayflower Compact

    1620 AD

    1620 AD The Mayflower Compact was written by the Pilgrims who sailed to Cape Cod Massachusetts and settled there proclaiming the right to govern themselves subject to the laws of England and the King.

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  • Shakespeare's First Folio

    1623 AD

    Mr. William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies is a collection of plays by William Shakespeare who died in 1616. It was published in 1623 and is commonly referred to by modern scholars as the First Folio.[a] It is considered one of the most influential books ever published

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  • Taj Mahal Completed

    1653 AD

    1643 AD The Taj Mahal is a beautiful mausoleum built in Agra, India It is a UNESCO world heritage site.

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  • Age of Enlighten. begins

    1685 AD

    The Age of Enlightenment was an era that began in 1685 and lasted until 1800 and was characterized by individual freedoms ,religious tolerance, and scientific methods. The Declaration of Independence is an example of the era.

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  • English Bill of Rights


    The Bill of Rights of 1689, was a pivotal act in the constitutional law of England. The granting of individual rights including freedom of religion, speech and the right to bear arms.

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  • Robinson Crusoe

    April 25, 1719

    Robinson Crusoe, is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. The first edition credited the work's protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue of true incidents. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • One Thousand and One Nights


    Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights, from the first English-language edition (c. 1706–1721)

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  • Death of Peter the Great

    1725 AD

    1725 AD Peter the Great was the Czar of Russia who westernized Russia and made it a power in the Europeon community.

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  • Stono Rebellion


    called Cato's Conspiracy or Cato's Rebellion) was a slave rebellion that began on 9 September 1739, in the colony of South Carolina.

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  • American Revolution begins

    1775 AD

    1775 AD The Revolutionary War began when the American colonists met the British army at Concord Massachsetts. The war ended in 1781 when the British surrendered to the Americans.

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  • Declaration of Independence

    July 4, 1776

    Independence is the pronouncement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776.

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  • Northwest Territory


    Confederation through the Northwest Ordinance, it was the nation's first post-colonial organized incorporated territory.

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  • French Revolution begins

    1789 AD

    1789 AD The French Revolution began when the people removed their their King and established a new republic form of government.

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  • Haitian Revolution

    August 22, 1791

    The Haitian Revolution was a successful insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign state of Haiti. The revolt began on 22 August 1791, and ended in 1804 with the former colony's independence.

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  • Cotton Gin


    Eli Whitney with the help of Catharine Greene invented his cotton gin in 1793. He began to work on this project after moving to Georgia in search of work, given that farmers were desperately searching for a way to make cotton farming profitable. The cotton gin easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, enabling much greater productivity than manual cotton separation.

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  • Irish Rebellion

    May 23, 1798

    The Irish Rebellion was an uprising against British rule in Ireland. The United Irishmen, a republican revolutionary group influenced by the ideas of the American and French revolutions. Presbyterians were angry at being shut out of power by the Anglican establishment and joined by Catholics, who made up the majority of the population. A French army which landed in County Mayo in support of the rebels was overwhelmed by British and loyalist forces. The uprising was suppressed by British Crown forces with a death toll of between 10,000 and 30,000.

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  • Death of George Washington

    1799 AD

    1797 AD George Washington was the first President of the United States and a general in the Revolutionary War.

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  • Coup of 18 Brumaire

    November 9, 1799

    The Coup of 18 Brumaire brought General Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France and in the view of most historians ended the French Revolution. This bloodless coup d'état overthrew the Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate. This occurred on 9 November 1799, which was 18 Brumaire, Year VIII under the French Republican Calendar.

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  • Louisiana Purchase

    1803 AD

    1803 AD The Louisianna Purchase occurred during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson when the US purchased the huge territory from France.

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  • Steam Powered Locomotive

    1804 AD

    1802 AD Richard Trevithick built the first steam locomotive in 1802.

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  • Haiti Declares Independence


    After 12 years of conflict, Napoleon Bonaparte's forces were defeated by Louverture's successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines (later Emperor Jacques I), who declared Haiti's sovereignty on 1 January 1804—the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean

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  • Emperor Napoleon


    In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned emperor of France.

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  • Morphine Produced


    In 1805, Morphine was first isolated between 1803 and 1805 by Friedrich Sertürner

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  • Battle of Trafalgar

    October 21, 1805

    On, October 21, 1805, The Battle of Trafalgar, a naval engagement, was fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars.

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  • Congress bans import of slaves


    The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves of 1807 is a United States federal law that provided that no new slaves were permitted to be imported into the United States. It took effect on January 1, 1808, the earliest date permitted by the United States Constitution.

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  • University of Berlin


    In 1810, the oldest of all universities was founded in Berlin. Among its notable alumni, faculty and researchers are Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Otto von Bismarck, W. E. B. Du Bois, Angela Davis, Walter Benjamin, Karl Liebknecht, Arthur Schopenhauer, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Ernst Cassirer, Heinrich Heine, Albert Einstein, Max Planck.

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  • Venezuelan War of Independence

    April 19, 1810

    April 19, 1810, The Venezuelan War of Independence was one of the Spanish American wars of independence of the early nineteenth century, when independence movements in Latin America fought against rule by the Spanish Empire, emboldened by Spain's troubles in the Napoleonic Wars.

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  • Mexican War of Independence

    Sep 16, 1810

    The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict and political process, lasting from 1808 to 1821, resulting in Mexico's independence from Spain. It was not a single, coherent event, but local and regional struggles that occurred within the same time period, and can be considered a revolutionary civil war.

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  • War of 1812

    1812 AD

    1812 AD The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 -1815.

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  • Congress of Vienna


    In 1815, one of the most important international conferences was held in European history. It remade Europe after the downfall of French Emperor Napoleon I.The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.

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  • Battle of Waterloo


    The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: A British-led coalition consisting of units from the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Hanover, Brunswick and Nassau, under the command of the Duke of Wellington, referred to by many authors as the Anglo-allied army or Wellington's army, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal von Blücher, referred also as Blücher's army. The battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars.

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  • Simon Bolivar elected President


    Bolívar was born into a wealthy family and as was common for the heirs of upper-class families in his day, was sent to be educated abroad at a young age, arriving in Spain when he was 16 and later moving to France. While in Europe he was introduced to the ideas of the Enlightenment, which later motivated him to overthrow the reigning Spanish in colonial South America. Following this triumph over the Spanish monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of the first union of independent nations in Latin America, Gran Colombia, of which he was president from 1819 to 1830. Bolívar fought 100 battles, and during his campaigns rode on horseback 70,000 kilometers

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  • Greek war of Independence


    1821, The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830

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  • Beethoven's 9th Symphony


    In 1824, Ludwig Von Beethoven completes his 9th Symphony. It was first performed in Vienna on 7 May 1824. The symphony is regarded by many critics and musicologists as Beethoven's greatest work

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  • Last of the Mohicans


    The Last of the Mohicans: A Narrative of 1757 is a historical novel written by James Fenimore Cooper in 1826.The novel is set primarily in the area of Lake George, New York, detailing the transport of the two daughters of Colonel Munro, Alice and Cora, to a safe destination at Fort William Henry. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Indian Removal Act

    May 28, 1830

    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law on May 28, 1830, by United States President Andrew Jackson. The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for white settlement of their ancestral lands.

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  • Hunchback of Notre-Dame


    The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, is a French Gothic novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831.n Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Trail of tears begins


    The Trail of Tears was a series of forced relocations of approximately 60,000 Native Americans in the United States from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States, to areas to the west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. In 1831, the Choctaw became the first Nation to be removed, and their removal served as the model for all future relocations. After two wars, many Seminoles were removed in 1832. The Creek removal followed in 1834, the Chickasaw in 1837, and lastly the Cherokee in 1838.

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  • Democracy in America


    Market Revolution, Western expansion and Jacksonian democracy were radically transforming the fabric of American life.

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  • The Alamo falls

    1836 AD

    1836 AD The Alamo is a mission in Texas that was used as a fort by 100 Texans, who were defeated by the Mexican Army fighting for Texas indpendence from Mexico..

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  • TellTale Heart


    The Tell-Tale Heart, is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1843. It is related by an unnamed narrator who endeavors to convince the reader of the narrator’s sanity while simultaneously describing a murder the narrator committed. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • The Three Musketeers


    The Three Musketeers, is an historical adventure novel written in 1844 by French author Alexandre Dumas. It is in the swashbuckler genre, which has heroic, chivalrous swordsmen who fight for justice. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • US Mexico War


    US and Mexico fought to determine Bireer boundaries in the southwest and California

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  • Mexican American War


    The US and Mexico fought over boundaries and southwest lands.

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  • Frederick Douglas' North Star


    The North Star was an anti-slavery newspaper which began publishing in September of 1847 in Rochester, New York, by the abolitionist Frederick Douglass.

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  • Treaty of Hidalgo

    Feb 2, 1848

    neighborhood of Mexico City) between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–1848).

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  • California Gold Rush

    1849 AD

    1849 AD Gold was found in California at Sutter's Mill resulting in thousands of Americans moving to California in search of gold.

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  • Harriet Tubman escapes slavery


    On September 17, 1849, Harriet, Ben and Henry escaped slavery on a Maryland plantation, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad.

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  • Fugitive slave act


    States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers

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  • Moby-Dick


    Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is an 1851 novel by American writer Herman Melville. The book is the sailor Ishmael's narrative of the obsessive quest of Ahab, captain of the whaling ship Pequod, for revenge on Moby Dick, the giant white sperm whale that on the ship's previous voyage bit off Ahab's leg at the knee. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Uncle Toms Cabin


    Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S. and is said to have 'helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War'. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Dred Scott v. Sanford


    In 1857, Dred Scott v. Sandford, was a decision of the US Supreme Court. The Court held that the US Constitution was not meant to include American citizenship for black people, regardless of whether they were enslaved or free, and so the rights and privileges that the Constitution confers upon American citizens could not apply to them.

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  • Lincoln Elected


    President of U S

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  • Pony Express starts

    1860 AD

    1860 AD The Pony Express was a mail service using relays of horse mounted riders that operated from April 3, 1860 to October 1861 between Missouri and California in the USA.

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  • US Civil War begins

    1861 AD

    1861 AD The US Civil War was fought from 1861-1865 between the Northern States and the Southern States over the right to freedom from slavery of the African Americans living in the South and other states.

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  • Emancipation Proclamation

    1863 AD

    1863 AD The Emancipation Proclamation, was an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. changing the legal status of enslaved African Americans from slave to free.

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  • Abraham Lincoln Assassinated

    1865 AD

    1865 AD President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wiles Booth

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  • Slavery Abolished in the USA


    The 13th Amendment to the US Constitution made slavery in the United Staes against the law.

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  • Alaska Purchase


    United States on October 18, 1867, through a treaty ratified by the United States Senate and signed by President Andrew Johnson

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  • War and Peace


    War and Peace, is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, first published serially, then published in its entirety in 1869. It is regarded as one of Tolstoy's finest literary achievements and remains a classic of world literature. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Transcontinental Railroad completed


    eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay.

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  • 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea


    20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a classic science fiction adventure novel by French writer Jules Verne. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Yellowstone National Park


    On March 1, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed into law the Yellowstone National Park. is an American national park located in the western United States. Yellowstone is the first national park in the United States.

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  • Custer’s Last Stand

    1876 AD

    1876 AD Custer's Last Stand was an armed engagement resulting in the defeat of the 7th Cavalry Regiment by the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho native American tribes

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  • Adventures of Tom Sawyer


    The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is an 1876 novel by Mark Twain about a young boy growing up along the Mississippi River. It is set in the 1840s in the town of St. Petersburg, which is based on Hannibal, Missouri where Twain lived as a boy.[2] In the novel Tom Sawyer has several adventures, often with his friend Huckleberry Finn. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Treasure Island


    Treasure Island is an adventure novel by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, narrating a tale of 'buccaneers and buried gold.' Its influence is enormous on popular perceptions of pirates, including such elements as treasure maps marked with an 'X', schooners, the Black Spot, tropical islands, and one-legged seamen bearing parrots on their shoulders.

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  • Eiffel Tower constructed

    1889 AD

    1889 AD The Eiffel Tower was constructed in Paris France and was the tallest structure in the world at that time.

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  • Spanish American War


    First US international War

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  • First Electrical A/C

    1902 AD

    1902 AD Willis Haviland Carrier was an American engineer, best known for inventing electric air conditioning in 1902.

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  • Airplane Invented


    1903 AD The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, are credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane

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  • Model T Vehicle introduced

    1908 AD

    1908 AD The Ford Model T is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927

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  • Mexican Revolution

    November 20, 1910

    The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that transformed Mexican culture and government into one of the top 20 economies in the world, just behind Brazil.

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  • 1911 Revolution (China)


    October 10, 1911. Also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Xinhai Revolution, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).

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  • Arizona given Statehood

    1912 AD

    1912 AD Arizona was the 48th State admiited to the United States

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  • Republic of China established

    January 1, 1912

    established on January 1, 1912 after the 1911 or Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China.

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  • Qing Dynasty ends


    The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912, After the 1911 Revolution (Xianhai Revolution).

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  • Tarzan of the Apes


    Tarzan of the Apes is a 1912 novel by American writer Edgar Rice Burroughs, the first in a series of twenty-four books about the title character Tarzan. It was first published in the pulp magazine The All-Story in October 1912 before being released as a book in 1914. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    June 28, 1914

    June 28, 1914. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, who was killed in Sarajevo along with his wife Duchess Sophie by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb

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  • Austria-Hungary seeks German support

    July 5th, 1914

    July 5, 1914. Austria-Hungary seeks German support for a war against Serbia in case of Russian militarism. Germany gives assurances of support

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  • France declares support for Russia

    July 20th, 1914

    July 20, 1914. French President Raymond Poincaré arrived in St. Petersburg for a prescheduled state visit on 20 July and departed on 23 July. The French and the Russians agreed their alliance extended to supporting Serbia against Austria, confirming the pre-established policy behind the Balkan inception scenario.

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  • Austria-Hungary presents ultimatum to Serbia

    July 23th, 1914

    July 23, 1914. Austria-Hungary, following its own enquiry into the assassinations, sent an ultimatum to Serbia, containing their demands and giving 48 hours to comply.

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  • Russian Ministers Meet

    July 24th, 1914

    July 24, 1914, the Russian Council of Ministers met at Yelagin Palace and, in response to the crisis and despite the fact that Russia had no alliance with Serbia, it agreed to a secret partial mobilisation of over one million men of the Russian Army and the Baltic and Black Sea Fleets.

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  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

    July 28, 1914

    July 28, 1914, At 11:00 a.m., Austria declared war on Serbia. Following instructions from Bethmann Hollweg, von Tschirschky did not present Wilhelm's 'Stop in Belgrade' proposal until noon.

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  • First shots of World War 1

    July 29, 1914

    July 29, 1914, At 1:00 a.m., the first shots of the First World War were fired by the Austrian monitor SMS Bodrog, which bombarded Belgrade in response to Serbian sappers blowing up the railway bridge over the river Sava which linked the two countries.

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  • Russian general Mobilization

    July 30, 1914

    Thursday evening, Tsar Nicholas II sent a message to Kaiser Wilhelm II informing him that he had ordered partial mobilization against Austria, and asking him to do his utmost for a peaceful solution.Upon hearing of Russia's partial mobilization, the Kaiser wrote: 'Then I must mobilize too.' The German Ambassador in St. Petersburg informed Tsar Nicholas that Germany would mobilize if Russia did not cease all military preparations at once, including those it had previously assured Russia it did not see as a threat against Germany or cause for German mobilization.

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  • Germany declares war on Russia

    August 1, 1914

    August 1, 1914. Germany mobilizes and declared war on Russia. The Franco-Russian Alliance meant that countermeasures by France were correctly assumed to be inevitable by Germany, which declared war on France on 3 August 1914

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  • Britain declares war on Germany

    August 4, 1914

    August 4, 1914. After the German invasion of neutral Belgium, Britain issued an ultimatum to Germany on 2 August to withdraw or face war. The Germans did not comply and so Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914.

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  • World War 1 begins

    1917 AD

    1917 AD The US entered World War I, a global war originating in Europe that began in 1914 and ended November 11, 1918.

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  • Russian Revolution

    Mar 8, 1917

    The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire, commencing with the abolition of the monarchy in 1917, and concluding in 1923 after the Bolshevik establishment of the Soviet Union at the end of the Civil War. It began during the First World War, with the February Revolution that was focused in and around the Petrograd the capital (now Saint Petersburg). The revolution erupted in the context of Russia's major military losses during the War, which resulted in much of the Russian Army being ready to mutiny. In the chaos, members of the Duma, Russia's parliament, assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government. This was dominated by the interests of large capitalists and the noble aristocracy. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution, and Emperor Nicholas II abdicated his throne. Grassroots community assemblies called 'Soviets', which were dominated by soldiers and the urban industrial working class, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias.

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  • First Transatlantic flight

    1919 AD

    On May 03, 1919, a squadron of NC flying boats gathered at Rockaway, Long Island for a transatlantic attempt. On May 27 1919, one flying boat successfully landed in the waters of the Lisbon, Portugal harbor.

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  • The Roaring 20s

    1920 AD

    1920 AD The Roaring Twenties refers to the decade of the 1920s, a period of economic prosperity and a rise in modern conveniences in the United States and Western Europe.

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  • Women’s right to vote

    1920 AD

    1920 AD The Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to Women vote.

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  • Chinese Communist Party founded

    July, 1921

    July 1921. The founding National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was originally held in a house in the Shanghai French Concession, French police interrupted the meeting on July 30 and the congress was moved to a tourist boat on South Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province. Only 12 delegates attended the congress, with neither Li nor Chen being able to attend, the latter sending a personal representative in his stead. The resolutions of the congress called for the establishment of a communist party (as a branch of the Communist International) and elected Chen as its leader

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  • The Great Gatsby


    The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel by American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald. Set in the Jazz Age on Long Island, the novel depicts narrator Nick Carraway's interactions with mysterious millionaire Jay Gatsby and Gatsby's obsession to reunite with his former lover, Daisy Buchanan. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Great Depression begins

    1929 AD

    1930 AD The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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  • Japan invades Manchuria

    September 18, 1931

    September 18, 1931 The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on 18 September 1931, when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident. At war’s end in February of 1932, the Japanese established the puppet state of Manchukuo. Their occupation lasted until the success of the Soviet Union and Mongolia on Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation in mid-August of 1945.

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  • Empire State Building

    1931 AD

    1931 AD The Empire State Building is a 102-story skyscraper in New York City, and was the tallest building in the wolrd at the time.

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  • Great Depression


    The Great Depression was well apparent by 1933 20% unemployment and millions hungry

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  • Italy invades and conquers Ethiopia

    October 2, 1935

    The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a war of aggression which was fought between Italy and Ethiopia from October 1935 to February 1937. It is seen as an example of the expansionist policy that characterized the Axis powers and the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations before the outbreak of World War II.

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  • Rome-Berlin Axis

    November 1, 1936

    The Axis grew out of the diplomatic efforts of Germany, Italy, and Japan to secure their own specific expansionist interests in the mid-1930s. The first step was the treaty signed by Germany and Italy in October 1936. Benito Mussolini declared on 1 November 1936 that all other European countries would from then on rotate on the Rome–Berlin axis. The almost simultaneous second step was the signing in November 1936 of the Anti-Comintern Pact, an anti-communist treaty between Germany and Japan. Italy and Spain joined the Anti-Comintern Pact in 1937.

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  • Anti-Comintern Pact

    November 25, 1936

    November 25, 1936, officially titled the Agreement against the Communist International (German: Abkommen gegen die Kommunistische Internationale), was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan on November 25, 1936, and was directed against the The Soviet UnionCommunist International (Comintern). It was signed by German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Japanese ambassador to Germany Kintomo Mushakoji. Italy, Spain and other countries didn't join until November 1941

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  • Nanjing Massacre

    December 13, 1937

    The Nanjing Massacre or the Rape of Nanjing was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Imperial Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The massacre occurred over a period of six weeks starting on December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese captured Nanjing. During this period, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army murdered Chinese civilians and disarmed combatants who numbered an estimated 40,000 to over 300,000,and perpetrated widespread rape and looting.

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  • Marco Polo Bridge Incident

    July 1937

    On July 1937, a battle between China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army occured. It is also known as the Double-Seven Incident.

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  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    1941 AD

    December 7, 1941 AD The Japanese executed a surprise aerial attack at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii resulting in the United States declaring war on Japan and Germany and the beginning of World War 2.

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  • The Atomic Bomb

    Aug 6, 1945

    The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, with the consent of the United Kingdom, as required by the Quebec Agreement.

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  • World War 2 ends

    September 2, 1945 AD

    September 2, 1945 marks the end of World War 2 with the surrender of Japan to the United States as well as the destruction and fall of Nazi Germany.

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  • People's Republic of China established

    October 1, 1949

    October 1, 1949, The People's Republic of China was established when Mao Zedong proclaimed it's creation from atop Tiananmen, after a near complete victory by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in the Chinese Civil War.

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  • Mao Zedong takes office

    October 1, 1949

    Mao Zedong, took office as the chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist, his theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism.

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  • Korean War


    US joins UN force to protect South Korea

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  • Mickey Mantle on Yankees

    1951 AD

    1951 AD Mickey Mantle was an American professional baseball player who played for the Yankees from1951 until 1968 and he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974

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  • I Love Lucy (TV)

    1951 AD

    1953 AD I Love Lucy was a television sitcom that featured Lucille Ball and her husband Desi Arnaz.

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  • Interstate Highways (US)


    National Highway System in the United States. Construction of the system was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956.

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  • Hawaii given Statehood

    1959 AD

    1959 AD Hawaii was the 50th State admitted to the United States.

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  • Princess Diana Born

    July 1, 1961

    was a member of the British royal family. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, the heir apparent to the British throne, and was the mother of Prince William and Prince Harry. Diana's activism and glamour made her an international icon and earned her an enduring popularity as well as an unprecedented public scrutiny, exacerbated by her tumultuous private life.

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  • First Man in Space

    1961 AD

    1961 AD Yuri Gagarin? was a Soviet Russian pilot and cosmonaut and was the first human to journey into Outer Space on April 12,1961.

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  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    1962 AD

    1962 AD The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union initiated by the American discovery of Soviet missiles in Cuba and is considered the closest we have come to a full-scale nuclear war.

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  • MLK March on Washington DC

    1963 AD

    1963 AD The MLK march on Washington DC was to advocate for the civil rights of African Americans and Martin Luther King Jr., delivered his historic 'I Have a Dream' speech in which he called for an end to racism.

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  • Vietnam Gulf of Tonkin

    1964 AD

    1964 AD The Gulf of Tonkin incident was a confrontation that led to the United States engaging more directly in the Vietnam War and was very controversial with widespread belief the incidents were false.

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  • Star Trek (TV)

    1966 AD

    1966 AD Star Trek a groundbreaking science fiction TV series first debuted on US television.

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  • Cultural Revolution begins (China)

    May 1966

    from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought (known outside China as Maoism) as the dominant ideology in the CPC.

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  • Outer Space Treaty


    On October 10, 1967, The Outer Space Treaty, formally the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a treaty that forms the basis of international space law

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  • The UN Outer Space Treaty


    This treaty sets forth the terms of exploring and colonizing Outer Space. Approved and Ratified by the United States Senate

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  • Man on the Moon

    1969 AD

    1969 AD Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first people to land on the Moon, and they spent two and a half hours outside the spacecraft, while Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.

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  • Mash (TV)

    1972 AD

    1972 AD M*A*S*H (Mobile Army Surgical Hospital) is an American Korean War comedy-drama television series that aired from 1972 to 1983.

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  • Pong (Video Game)

    1972 AD

    1972 AD Pong was one of the first video games to be released to the public.

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  • President Nixon visits China

    February 21, 1972

    U.S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important strategic and diplomatic overture that marked the culmination of the Nixon administration's resumption of harmonious relations between the United States and mainland China after years of diplomatic isolation.[1] The seven-day official visit to three Chinese cities was the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC; Nixon's arrival in Beijing ended 25 years of no communication or diplomatic ties between the two countries and was the key step in normalizing relations between the U.S. and China. Nixon visited China to gain more leverage over relations with the Soviet Union. The normalization of ties culminated in 1979, when the U.S. established full diplomatic relations with the PRC.

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  • SNL (TV)

    1975 AD

    1975 AD Saturday Night Live is a comedy variety type show that aired from 1975 to the present.

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  • Shogun (novel)


    Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Shōgun gives an account of the rise of the daimyō "Toranaga" (based upon the actual Tokugawa Ieyasu). Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Star Wars A New Hope


    The first movie that George Lucas released in the Star Wars film series.

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  • Star Wars The Empire Strikes Back


    The second movie released in the Star Wars film series.

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  • President Reagan elected

    1980 AD

    1980 AD Ronald Reagan was elected the 40th President of the United States.

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  • Pac Man (Video Game)

    1980 AD

    1980 AD Pac Man was a hugely succesful arcade game with the iconic yellow character that ate pellets and ran from ghosts.

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  • The Space Shuttle


    In 1981, The space shuttle 'Columbia' was The first semi reusable low earth orbital spacecraft developed by the USA.

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  • Cheers (TV)

    1982 AD

    1982 AD Cheers is an American sitcom that ran on NBC from September 30, 1982, to May 20, 1993.

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  • Michael Jackson’s Thriller

    1982 AD

    1982 AD Thriller is the sixth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson and has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

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  • Mario Bros. (Video Game)

    1983 AD

    1983 AD Mario Brothers was one of the most popular console games for the Nintendo.

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  • Star Wars Return of the Jedi


    The third movie released in the Star Wars film series.

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  • Tetris (Video Game)

    1984 AD

    1984 AD Tetris revolutionized puzzle game play attracting children and parents with it's mesmerizing block stacking gameplay.

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  • Super Mario Bros. (Video Game)

    1985 AD

    1985 AD Super Mario Brothers was the incredibly succesful sequel to the Mario Brothers franchise.

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  • Chernobyl Disaster

    1986 AD

    1986 AD The Chernobyl disaster, was a catastrophic nuclear accident that occurred 1968 in what was then the Soviet Ukraine.

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  • MIR Space Station launched

    1986 AD

    1986 AD Mir was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.

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  • Seinfeld (TV)

    July 5, 1989 AD

    1989 AD Seinfeld is an American live-action TV sitcom and ran from 1989 to 1998.

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  • Tiananmen Square Incident

    June 4, 1989

    The Tiananmen Square protests or the Tiananmen Square Incident, commonly known as the June Fourth Incident in mainland China, were student-led demonstrations held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing during 1989. The popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests is sometimes called the '89 Democracy Movement. The protests started on April 15 and were forcibly suppressed on June 4 when the government declared martial law and sent the People's Liberation Army to occupy central parts of Beijing. In what became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, troops armed with assault rifles and accompanied by tanks fired at the demonstrators and those trying to block the military's advance into Tiananmen Square. Estimates of the death toll vary from several hundred to several thousand, with thousands more wounded.

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  • Berlin Wall Falls

    November 9, 1989 AD

    November 9, 1989 AD The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989 preventing people from leaving the Soviet occupied side of Berlin/

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  • Simpsons (TV)

    December 17, 1989 AD

    1989 AD The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company debuting in 1989

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  • Collapse of Soviet Union

    December 25, 1991 AD

    1991 AD The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on 26 December 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

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  • President Clinton elected

    1992 AD

    1992 AD Bill Clinton was elected the 42nd President of the United States

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  • Doom (Video Game)

    1993 AD

    1993 AD Doom was a violent and fast paced action shooter game for the PC and is one of the prime innovators to the First Person Shooter genre.

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  • Golden Eye 007 (Video Game)

    1997 AD

    1997 AD Goldeneye 007 a wildly popular action shooter for the Nintendo 64 that had a renowned 4 player split screen mode and is still respected by gamers today.

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  • Golden Eye 007 (Video Game)

    1997 AD

    1997 AD Goldeneye 007 a wildly popular action shooter for the Nintendo 64 that had a renowned 4 player split screen mode and is still respected by gamers today.

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  • Harry Potter Philosophers Stone

    June 26, 1997

    Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is a fantasy novel written by British author J. K. Rowling. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Int'l Space Station launched

    1998 AD

    1998 AD The International Space Station (ISS) is a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. Its first component was launched into orbit in 1998, with the first long-term residents arriving in November 2000.

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  • Sopranos (TV)

    1999 AD

    1999 AD The Sopranos is a crime drama first aired as a TV series on HBO in 1999.

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  • Star Wars The Phantom Menace


    The fourth movie released in the film series. The first of the prequel trilogy.

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  • Counter Strike (Video Game)

    2000 AD

    2000 AD Counterstrike was a multiplayer first person shooter video game that was extremely popular in it's time and greatly contributed to the FPS shooter genre of today.

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  • Attack on 9/11

    2001 AD

    September 11, 2001 AD The September 11 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated hijacked passenger airliner terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States

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  • Star Wars Attack of the Clones


    The fifth Star Wars film in the series and the second in the prequel trilogy.

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  • World of Warcraft (Video Game)

    2000 AD

    2004 AD World of Warcraft is known as the most popular Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game (MMORPG) for the PC.

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  • Girl with the Dragon Tattoo


    is a psychological thriller novel by Swedish author and journalist Stieg Larsson (1954–2004), which was published posthumously in 2005 to become an international bestseller. Learn more at Wikipedia

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  • Office (TV)

    2005 AD

    2005 AD The Office is an American television sitcom that aired on NBC from March 24, 2005, to May 16, 2013, lasting nine seasons.

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  • Star Wars Revenge of the Sith


    The sixth movie in the film series, and the last in the prequel trilogy.

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  • iPhone 1 released

    2007 AD

    2007 AD The iPhone is the first smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc.

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  • President Obama elected

    2008 AD

    2016 AD President Barrack H. Obama was inaugurated The 44th President of The United States.

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  • Breaking Bad (TV)

    2008 AD

    2008 AD Breaking Bad is an American neo-Western crime drama television series originally aired on AMC for five seasons, from January 20, 2008 to September 29, 2013.

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  • Game of Thrones (TV)

    2011 AD

    2011 AD Game of Thrones is an Americn televesion series premiered on HBO on April 17, 2011, and concluded in 2019.

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  • Star Wars The Force Awakens


    The seventh film released in the Star Wars franchise.

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  • Fortnite (Video Game)

    2017 AD

    2017 AD Fortnite is an independantly developed game with a free to play mode that boasts an immense fan base and champions the Battle Royale play style.

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  • Stranger Things (TV)

    July 5, 2016 AD

    2016 AD Stranger Things is an American science fiction horror web television series released on Netflix in 2016.

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  • President Trump elected

    November 8, 2016 AD

    2016 AD President Donald J. Trump was inaugurated The 45th President of The United States.

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  • Beyonce’s ‘Lemonade’

    April 23 2016 AD

    2016 AD Lemonade is the sixth solo studio album by American singer Beyoncé, released on April 23, 2016.

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  • Star Wars The Last Jedi


    The eigth Star Wars movie in the film franchise.

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  • iPhone X released

    2018 AD

    2018 AD iPhone X is a smartphone designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It was the eleventh generation of the iPhone announced on September 12, 2017

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  • Star Wars The Rise of Skywalker


    Star Wars: Episode IX

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  • Covid 19 Pandemic

    2020 AD

    In the beginning of the year 2020 countries around the world began reporting cases testing positive for the virus SARS-CoV-2, which produces the disease referred to as Covid19 (Coronaivrus 2019)

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  • President Biden inaugurated

    January 20, 2021

    The 46th President of the United States of America, Joe Biden took office on January 20th, 2021

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  • Russian Invasion of Ukraine

    February 24th, 2022

    On 24 February 2022, Russia launched a large-scale invasion of Ukraine, its neighbour to the southwest, marking the largest escalation of the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War that began in 2014. The campaign was preceded by a prolonged Russian military build-up beginning in early 2021.

  • Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2022_Russian_invasion_of_Ukraine

  • You

    The Present

    You are at the forefront of history. You are a Time Detective standing on the shoulders of every discovery. You are the greatest technology mankind has to offer.

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